Part A No evidence has been found of pristine use if Cockatoo and until 1839 in that location was no permanent European dep hold backency there. From the early 1930s the island has been apply as a reprobate prison house house, quarry, industrial schooltime for girls, a grain terminal state of affairs, a reform school and a establish for the boys learn transfers Vernon and Sobraon. then(prenominal) from the 1850s it was employ as a dockyard and serviced transfers. In 1842 there was 323 custody imprisoned on the Island. They were forced to construct their profess prison expressions, quarried the sandstone of the island for use in public elaborates, including the sea environ of Sydney cove. actually early work also included silo jab in the solid rock. Prison conditions were very poor on the island. Prisoners were drop dead due to the inadequate accommodation. Conditions were so bad that prisoners made a public inquiry into the operation of the prison. This in quest was considered and constructive. It saw advancement in the administration of the prison unless little further developing of the prison defecateings took place. Ten years later in July 1869 the end of the penal shaping on Cockatoo Island was approved and so prisoners were transferred to Darlinghurst. In 1871 an industrial school for girls was set up, with a separate reformatory for girls under 16 who were convicted of a crime. The establishment was renamed Biloea to set deject through rid of its image as the old prison but there was no improvement of the buildings. A ship called Vernon was purchased by the government for conversion use as a training ship for nigh 500 untoward and orphaned adolescent boys. This was moored to the east of Cockatoo Island. The superintendent of the ship complained that the girls would fare d pack in feather to the ship in a semi-nude state, and certify and alternate rocks at the ships. This contaminated the boys minds. The estab lishment was shut tweak in 1888. In June th! at year Biloela became a prison again to decide easy the overcrowding at Darlinghurst. The prison housed petty offenders, vagrants and prostitutes. The Biloela cast out was closed in 1908 when the saucily Long Bay clink was completed. In 1857 Cockatoo Islands commencement graving dock was built using bleak convict ride and it was called the Fitzroy bob. A larger dock was in brief indispensable if Sydney was to spare up with the rest of the world. Fitzroy dock was acquiring too elfin to accommodate large ships. In 1890 the Sutherland Dock was completed. Shipbuilding and repair work expanded on the island because of the new service buildings and extended wharves. After 1908 the altogether island was transformed into a dockyard. As you butt tell the island had been used to build, repair and refit ships and submarines. The Commonwealth purchased the island from NSW in 1913 to use as a naval dockyard. and was then leased out to Cockatoo Island Docks and engineer Co Ltd. During the dramatic art War 2 the island became the study ship repair easiness in the western Pacific. Decline of shipping in Australia and the size of it of new container ships made the Dockyard useless. It was therefore closed down in 1992. Nowadays the island is a tourist attraction, conducting tours around the island. In 2005 it held a music festival in the turbine workshop but the Sydney stomach Federation Trust are still looking fashion plans for the future use of Cockatoo Isalnd. Part B The study of the site contributed to my understanding of a few aspects of Australian History during the ordinal century. Cockatoo island being Australias largest dockyard, was chiefly used as a dockyard though it is now a tourist attraction. Through our visit there I learnt to the highest degree the social and ec0onomic changes and issues affecting groups such as women and working Australia. One of the near surprising things I learnt about Australian memoir in those ti mes was the poor preaching of convicts. Back then, c! onvicts were forced to do plenty of tedious tug work exchangeable building the Fitzroy Dock and their own prison buildings. It wasnt as though later on a immense hard day of work they were spillage to even get to ease in a conceivable bed. In position they had only a 50cm wide wooden bed to sleep on. I rear see how Australias prison conditions have changed dramatically since the last century. In the times of the womans reformatory on the island, it was not yet accepted for women and men to closely intermingle.
The boys that were accommodated on the ship Vernon were taught under strict discipline and told th at girls were not an authorized part of their lives. The men and women of the island were also taught different areas of work. Men were taught oceanic and extract skills while women were taught how to sew. Women werent allowed to work for the navy. Aboriginals also were discriminated against. They werent even allowed on the island let alone work there. Federation and its results was something I learnt a objet dart about. A few years after union in 1911 the ready Minister asked the New South Wales government to build a class cruiser and three torpedo boats. Because of the establishment of the purplish Australian Navy in 1913, the commonwealth obstinate it needed a naval dockyard There they could build their own ships. This taught me how federation played a major role in changes happening in different states. I also learnt a plentifulness about how Cockatoo Island has helped in reality War 1 and World War 2. At Cockatoo Island, they built and repaired many naval warshi ps because it was well equipped. Where would we be ! now without Cockatoo Island? It can be inferred that one of the major industry of the twentieth century in Australia was maritime. It can be especially associated with the twentieth century because that was when the two world wars took place. well(p) nowadays it isnt. Maritime was the image of Australia in the early twentieth century. Overall, I have learnt a few things about Australias recital in the twentieth century. They include the discrimination of different groups alike woman, men and Aboriginals as well as how convicts were treated, industrial changes and how Australia got its insure in the twentieth century. There is a lot you can learn from learning about Cockatoo Island. Bibliography Books: Cockatoo Island- John Jeremy Reflections on a Maritime City- Interim Sydney Harbour Federation Trust Websites: www.cockatooisland.net www.harbourtrust.gov.au/topics/sitescockatoo.html If you requirement to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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