Wednesday, February 27, 2019
Eating Disorders: Symptoms, Signs, Causes Essay
What is an take in malady? Well, mavin of the many an(prenominal) definitions for an take disorder is any range of psychological disorders characterized by disturbed take in habits which include anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervous (BN) and squeeze- eraseing disorder. (CITE). All alimentation disorders sire uniform characteristics. This could be a venerate of change state fat, food, cant over or calories. The fountain why I want to focus on this population is that eat disorders argon a significant problem during the adolescent years touch up to 5% of adolescent girls (Golden et al., 2003). virtu allyone commenceing from an alimentation disorder has a very cytomegalic relationship with food that is prying into many areas of their everyday life. An individual whitethorn eat little to no food, eat unreasonably massive amounts of food, be infatuated with thoughts of food or exercise, and impart a distorted body date. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of psycholo gical Disorders fifth edition (DSM-V) recognizes four main feeding disorders anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge rich person disorder, and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). (CITE DSM-5).The signs of an eating disorder will vary and whitethorn include refusal to eat, extreme exercise, hearty withdrawal, self-induced vomiting or binge eating.Many families that have a family extremity that endorses from an eating disorder to a fault have an increased guess of depression, obesity, center abuse or consuming too more food. People that suffer from eating disorders may struggle socially, physically and or mentally, there are also many symptoms and signs to watch for. ( hold 7)Causes of feeding DisordersEating Disorders are analyzable disorders, influenced by a faade of factors. Thought the exact cause of eating disorders is unknown, it is in general believed that a combination of biological, psychological and/or environmental abnormalities support to the am plifyment of these illnesses. (Cite condition 4)Biological FactorsWhen it comes to biological factors some include current people may have irregular hormone functions that increase their risk of developing eating disorders. Genetics (the tie between eating disorders and ones genes is still being heavily researched, but we know that genetics is a part of the story). And lastly, there are feedal deficiencies which is an inadequate bring out of essential nutrients in diet resulting in malnutrition or disease. (Mayo Clinic)Psychological FactorsSome of the psychological factors or emotional wellness include people with a negative body image. They may have low self-esteem, perfectionism impulsive air and troubled relationships with friends and loved ones. (Article 4)Environmental FactorsEnvironmental factors or social factors that would tin to the occurrence of eating disorders are dysfunctional family dynamic, professions and careers that promote being delicate and cant over los s, such(prenominal) homunculusing. Aesthetically oriented sports, where an emphasis is placed on maintaining a lean body for enhanced performance. Family and childhood traumas childhood knowledgeable abuse, severe trauma and cultural and/or peer pressure among friends and co-workers. (Article 6)Signs and Symptoms (CITIE Article)Symptoms may vary depending on the type of eating disorder. A man or a woman suffering from an eating disorder may pick up several signs and symptoms that are both the same and divers(prenominal).Anorexia NervosaAnorexia is possible life-threatening eating disorder characterized by an atypically low body weight, intense fear of gaining weight and one-sided perception of weight or regularise. People that suffer from anorexia use dangerous efforts to work their weight and shape, which often knowingly interferes with their lifestyle. regression with calories and fat contents of food or use other methods to lose weight such as having engaging in formalize d eating patterns, including, cutting food into tiny pieces, eating whole, and/or hiding food. (Cite expression 5)Bulimia NervosaBulimia is a serious, theoretically life-threatening eating disorder. When you have bulimia, you have episodes of bingeing and purging that involve feeling a lack of control over your eating. Many people with bulimia also restrict their eating during the day, which often leads to more binge eating and purging (Cite article 3). During these episodes, bulimics typically eat a large amount of food in a short time, and then puree to rid of the extra calories in an unhealthy way. Because of guilt, shame and an intense fear of weight gain from overeating, they may pass vomiting (purging bulimia), exercise too much, or use other methods, such as laxatives, to get rid of the calories (no purging bulimia). Even if you are bulimic, youre undoubtedly preoccupied with weight and body shape and may sound out severely and harshly for self-perceived flaws. Bulimic m ay be at a normal weight or even a bit laborious. (Cite article 4)Binge-Eating DisorderWhen it comes to a binge-eating disorder, many regularly eat too much food (binge) and feel a lack of control over eating. Eating quickly or eat more food than intended, even when not hungry, and may continue eating even long after becoming uncomfortably full. After a binge, there may feeling of guilty, stimulate or ashamed by the behavior displayed and the amount of food eaten (Cite Article 2). Many will try to but do not try to compensate for this behavior with excessive exercise or purging, as soul with bulimia or anorexia might. Embarrassment can lead to eating alone to hide bingeing. A new round of bingeing usually occurs at to the lowest degree once a week. Many may be normal weight, overweight or obese (Cite article 1)TreatmentsTreatment of an eating disorder generally includes a team flack. The team typically includes medical providers, mental health providers and dietitians all with experience in eating disorders. Many of the manipulations are establish around your specific type of eating disorder. However, in general, it typically includes psychotherapy, nutrition education and medication thorough being either an outpatient, or inmate and if your life is at risk the possibility of being hospitalized. (CITIE ARTICLE 2). Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy can help learn how to fill in unhealthy habits with healthy ones. Psychotherapy can also help to modify the relationships and moods. Psychotherapy can include both Cognitive Behavioral therapy and Family establish Therapy. (Cite Article 3)Cognitive Behavioral TherapyCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is applicable to all eating disorders but has been most intensively studied in the treatment of bulimia nervosa (BN). CBT is designed to alter abnormal attitudes about body shape and weight. (CITE ARTICLE 1) CBT is effective in reducing all core features of BN and shows untroubled maintenance of therapeu tic improvement.Family Based TherapyFamily Based Therapy (FBT) is an evidence-based treatment for children and over teenagers relations with eating disorders. The family is involved in making sure that the child or other family member follow healthy-eating patterns and maintains a healthy body image and weight. (Cite article 1)OutpatientThe oddments of this form of treatment include restoring a normal weight and maintaining that weight, managing physiologic abnormalities, reducing the comorbid psychiatric symptoms such as depression, and changing the central thoughts that are underlying the anorexia. Bulimics require similar medical management with the goal of the treatment being the restoration of a normalized eating pattern warrant of the binge and/or purge cycle. (Article 6)Partial HospitalizationFor the patient with anorexia nervosa (AN) who have had repeated hospitalizations, a fond(p) hospitalization treatment plan is recommended. The partial hospitalization treatment sho uld follow a group treatment model and should include nutritional counseling, meal planning and additional groups such as social skills training. For a patient with BN who are in transition from inpatient to outpatient treatment or those whose bingeing and purging have begun to interfere with their functioning may be treated in partial hospitalization. (Article 3)Inpatient TreatmentThe criteria consume for hospitalization for both anorexia and bulimia include unstable medical conditions. load loss of 10% to 15% or more normal for retroversion only or 16% to 20% or more if it is a patients first episode. (Cite article 1). The inpatient hospitalization beings with a full evaluation, including a psychiatric and medical evaluation.Patients with anorexia are fed initially with supplemental watery feedings 6 times a day until they are within at least 10% of their goal weight. Patients who refuse the feedings consistently and do not gain weight are given feeing through nasal stomachi c tubes (Mayo Clinic).Bulimic patients being with food trays. The goal for both anorectics and bulimics is self-regulated weight maintenance. This is through with(p) through letting the patient self-selecting meals after a period of weight maintenance within their range. Both the bulimic and the anorectic are participants in response prevention techniques intended to prevent any purging behavior. (John Hopkins) coming(prenominal) Practitioner Helping Individual with Eating Disorders from Em military forcement and Strength PerspectivesThe authorization perspective and the strength-based approach work together. In social service work, the strengths-based approach involves helpers highlighting the clients strengths and not their shortfalls. There are different ways to empower clients and how empowerment can benefit the clients and social run workers attitudes, relationships etc. Social workers need to be aware and practice methods for empowerment effectively to be able to believe i n their clients strengths, abilities, and dreams. (Cite empowerment article). Empowerment does not give people power, people already have plenty of power. Empowerment is defined as letting this power out. It encourages people to gain the skills and knowledge that will allow them to overcome obstacles in life or work environment and eventually help them develop strengths within themselves or in the society (Cite Theo class).